What does Islamic tradition offer for social protection? As explained by Bangladesh’s academic Md. Thowhidul Islam, Waqf is “the permanent endowment by a Muslim of any of his property for a purpose recognized by the Muslim Law as religious, pious or charitable.” It is a permanent arrangement, which becomes immediately effective, and cannot be kept in abeyance; and it can never be confiscated. From its inception, Waqf has been an integral part of the development of Muslim society. Thowdilul Islam shared that during the peak of the Islamic civilization, the waqf land occupied anywhere from one-third to three-fourth of the land mass.