Abbas Mehregan, Ph.D. in Sociology of Religion from the University of Cologne (Germany) and licentiate in Islamic Sciences is a faculty member of the University of Tehran. He has carried out several studies in the field of sociology of Islam as well as the sociology of Islamic countries.

A brief review of Islamic jurisprudence reveals the fact that in Islamic Sharia Muslims and non-Muslims are not equal. The inequality can be seen, among others, in the following cases: retaliation (qisās), indemnities (dīya), inheritance (irth), marriage (nikāh), testimony (shahāda), judgement (qidāwa) etc. His paper will come to the conclusion that, through applying these principles, Islamic sharia can provide a basis for the equality of Muslims and non-Muslims.

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