Mu’tazila – Defenders of Reason in Islam

By Joel D. Hirst At the very beginning of Islamic theological history a group of mutakalliman (the word for theologian in Islamic tradition) in Baghdad and Basra, in an attempt to defend their new religion from external detractors and internal corruption, developed “the first systematic thought-out creed for Islam”; the kalam (theology) called the Mu’tazila. The…

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